University of Florida

Turfgrass and Ornamental Plant Evapotranspiration
and Crop Coefficient Literature Review:
Turfgrass Species in Florida

Zoysiagrass (Zoysia spp.)

ZoysizgrassZoysizgrass Zoysiagrass is a warm-season turfgrass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very dense, wear-resistant turf, which makes them better adapted to a broader range of environmental conditions. It has good tolerance to cold, shade, salt and traffic, but its slow growth makes them difficult to establish (Trenholm and Unruh, 2006; Unruh et al., 1991); however, this can be a maintenance advantage because mowing is needed less frequently compared to some other warm-season grasses.


Zoysiagrass is slow to establish because it must be propagated vegetatively. There is a high fertility requirement and need for irrigation to maintain green color and these grasses are susceptible to nematodes, hunting billbugs and several diseases (Unruh et al., 1991). It tends to be shallower rooting and is weakened when grown in soils low in potassium level. All zoysias form a heavy thatch which requires periodic renovation (Trenholm et al., 2001).

Southwest Florida Water Management District